06 Nov Abraxas a god higher than the Christian God and Devil?
Carl Jung, had written extensively on Abraxas. In his 1916 book called The Seven Sermons to the Dead, Jung called Abraxas a God higher than the Christian God and Devil that combines all opposites into one Being. He said that Abraxas was a polymorphous world spirit which permeates — or even encompass — the very fabric of existence: “Abraxas is … a thousand-armed polyp, coiled knot of winged serpents … the hermaphrodite of the earliest beginning … the lord of toads and frogs, which live in the water … abundance that seeketh union with emptiness.” (Carl Jung, quoted in The Gnostic Jung, Ed. Robert Segal, pp. 187-88, pub. 1992)
The images that are often depicted along with Abraxas come to us in the form of ancient Talismans usually symbolized as a creature like man with the body of a human being, the head of a rooster, and with each of his legs ending in a serpent that are curved upwards. He holds a shield in one hand and a flail-like instrument in the other. The image of Abraxas was carved onto stones (called Abraxas Stones) and the stone used as a magical amulet. Occasionally Abraxas will appear driving a chariot drawn by four horses; these horses represent the elements.
A similar symbolism occurs in the tale of Melusine of Anjou. Melusine also been known as Melusina, Melouziana de Scythes, Maelasanu, and The Dragon Princess. She entered literary history in the book Roman de Melusine written in 1393 by Jean d’Arras. The story is a mix of fiction and fact, commissioned by the Duke de Berry, a French noble who was brother to King Charles V. It was meant to be a family history and to uphold the proprietary claims to Lusignan and Anjou. In this story Melusine’s mother was a Presine fairy who charmed Elinas, the king of Scotland. The result was their daughter Melusine. Half fairy and half princess, Melusine wandered over to the Continent and eventually met up with Rainfroi/Raymond in the forests Anjou. They met while he was out boar hunting. Overcome with her beauty, he took her hand in marriage, and many adventures ensued. As a result of this book, Melusine was subsequently featured in medieval tales across Europe, variously depicted as a mermaid, a water sprite, a fairy queen, a fairy princess, a dragon princess, and a forest nymph. She came to represent any magial creature who marries a mortal man. Another story goes that the Count of Anjou, who had links with the Templars, was unmarried and lonely. One day the lonely Count of Anjou mysteriously brought home from the crusade a beautiful woman called Melusine. They married and were very happy. Melusine was kind, and a good mother, and the people loved her even though no one knew anything about her background. However, one thing about her confused the people: although she attended church on Sunday, she never took the Eucharist – the ‘body’ and ‘blood’ of Christ. When this was brought to the Count’s attention he ordered his guards to ensure that she stayed for the whole service and took the Eucharist. The next Sunday, Melusine attempted to excuse herself from the church just before the Eucharist, but the guards stopped her and, just as the priest was about to administer the holy rite, she let out a loud shriek, turned into a dragon and took off with her two children …
Varying with your perspective, Abraxas is a choice between an Egyptian Sun God who was accepted by the first Christian Gnostics, and a demon from the pits of Hell who is tightly connected with Lucifer, despite the fact that there is certainly a reason for the former, because he was not demoted to the ranks of a demon until the Middle Ages.
Abraxas was no average god, however. To be Ruler of the First Heaven he owned dominion over the cycles of birth, death, and resurrection.
The Abraxas symbol was adopted by the Knights Templar, who used it on their seals. No one knows precisely why this symbol was of particular significance, but a hidden secret within the name “Abraxas” may provide a clue.
In Greek, the 7 letters are the initials of the first 7 planets in the Solar System.
The original letters of Abraxas in Greek spelled ΑΒΡΑΞΑΣ. If we apply numerology to the name then it adds up to 365, not only the number of days in a year but also the number of the spirits or Archons that those same early Gnostics believed were emanations from God.
Abraxas is the master of all initiates, or sky-men. He is the astral serpent on the tree who hands the illumination of both good and evil to Adam and Eve whose eyes are then opened. The very king worm who rules this world, that is both creator and destroyer. The maker of good and evil rolled into one persona, that being the human population in which Abraxas rules over the world like the Gnostic Basilides described; “the greatest God”.
Does this mean Abraxas is the Demiurge and the great Archon – Archon Magnus? The early founders of the Catholic Church such as Irenaeus and Epiphanius had said that the world, as well as the 365 heavens, was created in honour of ‘Abraxas;’ and that Christ was sent not by the Maker of the world but by ‘Abraxas’
Added to the mix is the speculation that the supreme magical word, “Abracadabra,” may derive from the name Abraxas. Sir Godfrey Higgins, in his book the Celtic Druids had said that the word Abracadabra may have come from the Druids, and he had also shown that the numerical equivalent of the spelling of the name Abraxas has seven letters that equal, as mentioned already, in both the Greek and Phoenician language to 365. Higgins had said that the word “Abracadabra” is a later corruption of the sacred Gnostic term ” Abrasax “, the latter itself being a still earlier corruption of a sacred and ancient Coptic or Egyptian word: a magic formula which meant in its symbolism “Hurt me not “, and addressed the deity in its hieroglyphics as ” Father.”
Read more about the importance of “Father” in the Templar post:
A look into the Bible revealed to the common sense of the Templars that the teachings of Jesus and the Old Testament were diametrically opposed and therefore could never belong together. Furthermore, the Jews never called their god “Father” but “JAHVEH” and “EL SHADDAI”.
After all it seems to get even more complicated and contradictorary what the actual role and function of Abraxas was in the Basilidian system …
He could be
- an Archon,
- a God,
- an Aeon,
The Holy Book of the Great Invisible Spirit, for instance, refers to Abrasax as an Aeon dwelling with Sophia and other Aeons of the Pleroma Dukias in the light of the luminary Eleleth.
- a Demon
The Catholic church later deemed Abraxas a pagan god, and ultimately branded him a demon as documented in J. Collin de Plancy’s Infernal Dictionary, Abraxas (or Abracax)
It’s like everything in this world, it’s mostly a personal voyage of discovery …